PERDANA INTERNATIONAL – IPB University Professor Encourages a Closed Production Process to Realize a Sustainable Agro-Industry. One of the important substances in an agro-industry is that there is still a large amount of waste generated from the processing of agricultural products. For example, 60 thousand kilograms of palm fresh fruit bunches (FFB) only produces 16,082 kilograms of crude palm oil (CPO) and 1,977 kernels. Thus, there is waste in the form of coconut shells reaching 1,959 kilograms, empty bunches reaching 14,265 kilograms, fiber waste as much as 4,613 kilograms and liquid waste reaching 21,058.
“So far, many people say that waste is a resource that we have not been able to convert into goods that are useful for humans. Meanwhile, the definition of a resource is anything that can provide benefits for life, “explained Prof. Dr. Tajuddin Bantacut, Permanent Professor of the Faculty of Agricultural Technology IPB University in the Pre-Scientific Oration Press Conference which was held online on 8/10.
In fact, he said, if the by-product of the agro-industry is processed, it will become a commodity that has a high selling value. Besides having a high selling value, the processing of these byproducts is expected to reduce the environmental burden due to industrial waste contamination.
Prof. Tajuddin explained that the by-products of agro-industry can be a source of sufficient energy generation for production and some of them can produce excess energy. He further explained that the integration of the production process flow with the use of waste for energy can be developed as a new approach in factory design. This is called closed production.